Tidak ada korelasi antara asupan karbohidrat sederhana, lemak jenuh, dan tingkat aktivitas fisik dengan status gizi pada remaja dengan kegemukan dan obesitas

Olivia Anggraeny(1*), Dwia Ridhanti(2), Fajar Ari Nugroho(3)
(1) Jurusan Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya
(2) Jurusan Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya
(3) Jurusan Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya
(*) Corresponding Author

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30867/action.v3i1.89

Abstract

Remaja yang memiliki status gizi kegemukan dan obesitas memiliki resiko lebih tinggi untuk mengalami obesitas di usia dewasa. Asupan karbohidrat sederhana dan lemak jenuh yang tinggi serta aktivitas fisik yang rendah merupakan beberapa faktor yang sering disebut sebagai penyebab terjadinya kegemukan dan obesitas. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional dengan tujuan untuk menguji korelasi asupan karbohidrat sederhana, lemak jenuh dan aktivitas fisik dengan status gizi pada remaja yang memiliki status gizi gemuk atau obesitas. Sebanyak 69 orang siswa/i di SMA 3 kota Malang yang berusia 15-17 tahun dan berstatus gizi gemuk atau obesitas menjadi subjek dalam penelitian ini. Asupan karbohidrat sederhana dan lemak jenuh diukur menggunakan form Semi Qualitative Food Frequency (SQ-FFQ) dan Aktivitas fisik melalui wawancara dengan menggunakan form Physical Activity Questionaire for Adolescent (PAQ-A). Uji statistik Gamma and Somers’d dengan SPSS 16 digunakan untuk menguji korelasi antar variabel. Ditemukan bahwa status gizi tidak berhubungan secara bermakna dengan karbohidrat sederhana (p =0,873), asupan lemak jenuh (p=0,343), dan aktivitas fisik (p=0,487). Identifikasi faktor lain pada remaja yang kemungkinan berpengaruh seperti tingkat pengetahuan gizi, durasi waktu tidur, waktu menstruasi pertamakali, tingkat ekonomi keluarga, diperlukan untuk menganalisis faktor resiko yang lebih berhubungan dengan kejadian kegemukan dan obesitas pada remaja.

Kata Kunci:  Karbohidrat sederhana, lemak jenuh, aktivitas fisik, obesitas


Adolescents with overweight and obesity are at higher risk for obesity in adulthood. Simple carbohydrate intake, high saturated fat intake, and low physical activity are some factors that are often referred to as the cause of overweight and obesity. This study is a cross-sectional research design with the aim to identify the correlation of simple carbohydrate intake, saturated fat and physical activity with nutritional status in overweight and obesity adolescents. Sixty-nine students in SMA 3 Malang city aged 15-17 years were involved in this study. Simple carbohydrate and saturated fat intake were measured using Semi-Qualitative Food Frequency (SQ-FFQ) form and Physical Activity through interview using Physical Activity Questionaire for Adolescent (PAQ-A) form. Gamma and Somers'd statistical test with SPSS 16 were used to test the correlation. Nutritional status did not correlate significantly with simple carbohydrates (p = 0.873), saturated fat intake (p = 0.343), and physical activity (p = 0.487). Identification of other factors in adolescents that may be influential such as the level of nutritional knowledge, sleep duration, first-time menstruation, family economic level, is needed to analyze risk factors more related to overweight and obesity in adolescents.

Keywords: Simple carbohydrate, saturated fat, physical activity, obesity

Keywords


Karbohidrat sederhana; lemak jenuh; aktivitas fisik; obesitas

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