Association between Sleep Quality with Overweight/Obesity and Other Factors among Adults in Indonesia Post-COVID-19 Pandemic

Athiya Fadlina* -  Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Food Technology and Health, Sahid University, Indonesia
Khoirul Anwar -  Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Food Technology and Health, Sahid University, Indonesia

Supp. File(s): Announcement publish paper common.other common.other common.other common.other

The prevalence of adult overnutrition in Indonesia has increased from 26,3% to 35,4% in 2013 - 2018. One of the factors of overnutrition is poor sleep quality. Poor sleep quality increased appetite and decreased energy expenditure, leading to weight gain. Sleep quality also worsened during COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between sleep quality and the incidence of overweight/obesity in adults post-COVID-19 pandemic. The design of this study was cross-sectional using an online survey. The questionnaire included current weight and height and sleep quality using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire. Data were collected from June to August 2022 in Indonesia with convenience sampling. A Total 148 subjects filled out the questionnaire completely. The association was analyzed using Chisquare. This study found 58,8% of the subject had poor quality of sleep and 23,6% was overweight/obese. Age, sex, education, occupation, and marital status were associated with sleep quality. The higher proportion of poor sleep quality was found among overweight/overnutrition subjects but no association was found. In conclusion, there was no association between sleep quality and overweight/obesity. Most of the subjects had poor quality of sleep thus, further intervention is needed to improve it.

Supplement Files

Keywords : Quality of Sleep, Overnutrition, COVID-19

  1. Abdallah, A. A., Mahfouz, E. M., Mohammed, E. S., Emam, S. A., & Rahman, T. A. A.-E. (2021). SLEEP QUALITY AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH BODY WEIGHT AMONG ADULTS: AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 21(1), Article 1. https://doi.org/10.37268/mjphm/vol.20/no.3/art.912
  2. Argo, T. M., Kurniawan, A., Liem, J. A., Sugianto, J. O., Michael, R. J., Agatha, L., Tanuwijaya, N. V. S., Wonsono, B., & Rivami, D. S. (2021). Association between depression, anxiety, and stress with sleep quality in Indonesian people during the COVID-19 pandemic. Public Health of Indonesia, 7(2), Article 2. https://doi.org/10.36685/phi.v7i2.409
  3. Bogale, B., Wolde, A., Mohammed, N., Midaksa, G., & Bekele, B. B. (2022). Poor Sleep Quality and Factors Among Reproductive-Age Women in Southwest Ethiopia. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 13.
  4. Broussard, J. L., & Klein, S. (2022). Insufficient sleep and obesity: Cause or consequence. Obesity, 30(10), 1914–1916. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.23539
  5. Fikri, H. K., & Husna, C. A. (2018). Hubungan kualitas tidur dengan obesitas pada anak sekolah dasar (SD) negeri di Desa Kampung Jawa Lama dan Lancang Garam Kota Lhokseumawe. AVERROUS: Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan Malikussaleh, 4(1), 41–49.
  6. Guadagni, V., Umilta’, A., & Iaria, G. (2020). Sleep Quality, Empathy, and Mood During the Isolation Period of the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Canadian Population: Females and Women Suffered the Most. Frontiers in Global Women’s Health, 1.
  7. Gupta, P., Srivastava, N., Gupta, V., Tiwari, S., & Banerjee, M. (2022). Association of sleep duration and sleep quality with body mass index among young adults. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 11(6), 3251–3256. https://doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_21_21
  8. Herawati, K., & Gayatri, D. (2019). The correlation between sleep quality and levels of stress among students in Universitas Indonesia. Enfermería Clínica, 29, 357–361. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enfcli.2019.04.044
  9. Kawi, Y. A., Wihandani, D. M., & Surudarma, I. W. (2019). Pengaruh obesitas pada kualitas tidur mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana periode 2018. Intisari Sains Medis, 10(3). https://doi.org/10.15562/ism.v10i3.442
  10. Kemenkes Kesehatan RI. (2018). Hasil utama RISKESDAS 2018. Badan Penelitian & Pengembangan Kesehatan Kemenkes RI.
  11. Lwanga S. K., Lemeshow S., & World Health Organization. (1991). Sample size determination in health studies: A practical manual / S. K. Lwanga and S. Lemeshow. Dťermination de la taille d’ un čhantillon dans les ťudes sanomťriques: manuel pratique. WHO IRIS. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/40062
  12. Madrid-Valero, J. J., Martínez-Selva, J. M., Ribeiro do Couto, B., Sánchez-Romera, J. F., & Ordoñana, J. R. (2017). Age and gender effects on the prevalence of poor sleep quality in the adult population. Gaceta Sanitaria, 31(1), 18–22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2016.05.013
  13. Meo, S. A., Alkhalifah, J. M., Alshammari, N. F., Alnufaie, W. S., & Algoblan, A. F. (2022). Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on sleep quality among medical and general science students: King Saud University Experience. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 38(3Part-I), 639–644. https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.3.5171
  14. Papatriantafyllou, E., Efthymiou, D., Zoumbaneas, E., Popescu, C. A., & Vassilopoulou, E. (2022). Sleep Deprivation: Effects on Weight Loss and Weight Loss Maintenance. Nutrients, 14(8), Article 8. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14081549
  15. Sagala, N. J., Sofyani, S., & Supriatmo, S. (2017). Association between sleep quality and obesity in adolescents. Paediatrica Indonesiana, 57(1), 41–46.
  16. Shih, A.-C., Chen, L.-H., Tsai, C.-C., & Chen, J.-Y. (2020). Correlation between Sleep Quality and Frailty Status among Middle-Aged and Older Taiwanese People: A Community-Based, Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(24), Article 24. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249457
  17. Yilmaz, B., Çi̇Çek, B., & Kaner, G. (2022). The Effect of Body Weight on Sleep Quality and Sleep Duration in Adolescents. Journal of Contemporary Medicine, 12(2), 238–243. https://doi.org/10.16899/jcm.1015273
  18. Yin, F., Chen, C., Song, S., Chen, Z., Jiao, Z., Yan, Z., Yin, G., & Feng, Z. (2022). Factors affecting University Students’ sleep quality during the normalisation of COVID-19 epidemic prevention and control in China: A cross-sectional study. Sustainability, 14(17), 10646.

Open Access Copyright (c) 2024 Ahiya Fadlina, Khoirul Anwar
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal
Published by: Department of Nutrition at the Health Polytechnic of Aceh, Ministry of Health.
Soekarno-Hatta Street, No. 168. Health Polytechnic of Aceh, Aceh Besar, 23352. Telp/Fax: 0651 46126 / 0651 46121.
Website: https://gizipoltekkesaceh.ac.id/
E-mail: jurnal6121@gmail.com

e-issn: 2548-5741, p-issn: 2527-3310

All content is licensed under a: Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 4.0 International License

View My Stats

Get a feed by atom here, RRS2 here and OAI Links here