Prevalence and Determinant Factors of Chronic Energy Deficiency (CED) in Pregnant Women

Harna Harna* -  Program Studi Gizi Universitas Esa Unggul, Indonesia
Rahmawati Rahmawati -  Program Studi teknologi Pangan. Universitas SAHID, Indonesia
Andi Muh Asrul Irawan -  Program Studi Gizi, Universitas Al-Azhar Indonesia, Indonesia
Mertien Sa’pang -  Pendidikan Profesi Dietician Univeritas Esa Unggul, Indonesia

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Pregnant women with Chronic Energy Deficiency (CED) are prone to malnutrition due to prolonged imbalances in the intake of essential nutrients. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors associated with the risk of CED incidence in pregnant women. This study was a quantitative, cross-sectional design that was conducted from June to August 2023 in the working area of Parung Panjang Health Center, Bogor Regency. The sample size in this study was 140 pregnant women by purposive sampling. Respondents’ characteristics were obtained through questionnaire interviews, MUAC were collected through MUAC tape, dietary intake using a Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQ-FFQ) form, and the hemoglobin through rapid test. Analysis using chi square statistical test at 95% CI. The results of the study showed that the prevalence of CED was 20,7%. There was a significant relationship between maternal age, parity, gestational age, history of infectious diseases, knowledge, energy, and protein adequacy with the CED in pregnant women (p <0,05). Tere was no significant relationship between income, anemia status, fat and carbohydrate adequacy with the occurrence of CED (p> 0,05). Determinant factors of CED are maternal age, parity, gestational age, history of infection, knowledge, energy, and protein intake.

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Keywords : Energy, CED, Parity, Protein

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Open Access Copyright (c) 2024 Harna, Rahmawati, Andi Muh Asrul Irawan, Mertien Sa’pang
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AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal
Published by: Department of Nutrition at the Health Polytechnic of Aceh, Ministry of Health.
Soekarno-Hatta Street, No. 168. Health Polytechnic of Aceh, Aceh Besar, 23352. Telp/Fax: 0651 46126 / 0651 46121.
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