The effect of Dadih for the prevention of iron deficiency anemia in adolescent girls 12-15 years old

Gemala Anjani* -  Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Anang Mohamad Legowo -  Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Ahmad Syauqy -  Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Edward Kurnia Setiawan Limijadi -  Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

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Adolescent girls are a group at risk for iron deficiency anemia. Dadih contains high nutritional value, iron, and probiotics. This research aims to analyze the effect of giving Dadih to prevent iron deficiency anemia in adolescent girls aged 12-15 years old. This study used a randomized controlled trial pre-posttest group design which consisted of intervention and control group totaling 40 participants taken randomly at the Sumatera Thawalib Parabek Bukittinggi Islamic Boarding School from February to June 2023. In these two groups, serum ferritin and hemoglobin levels were measured before and after being given treatment for 14 days. The intervention group was given 100 g of dadih 1x a day and the control group was given a placebo. Dataanalysis using Wilcoxon statistical test and Paired T-test at 95%CI. Result, there was a significant difference in hemoglobin levels before and after being given treatment (p=0,003). There was no difference in serum ferritin levels before and after treatment (p=0,191). In conlusion, giving 100 g of dadih did not increase serum ferritin and hemoglobin levels, independent administration of dadih in 100 g to prevent iron deficiency anemia still needs to be considered.

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Keywords : Fermented buffalo milk, ferritin, hemoglobin, anemia, iron intake

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Open Access Copyright (c) 2024 Rena Budiyatri, Gemala Anjani, Anang Mohamad Legowo, Ahmad Syauqy, Edward Kurnia Setiawan Limijadi
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