The Dominant Factors Associated with Stunting Among Two Years Children of Five Provinces in Indonesia

Ramadhani Fitri -  Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia
Ali Khomsan* -  Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia
Cesilia Meti Dwiriani -  Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia

Supp. File(s): common.other common.other common.other

Stunting is still a major malnutrition problem in Indonesia. The 2021 Indonesian Nutritional Status Study (SSGI) reports that there are five provinces with high stunting prevalence (>30%). The age under two years (old age) is the golden period where children overgrow, and malnutrition during this period can still be corrected. This research analyses the dominant factors associated with stunting among toddlers in the five provinces, namely Aceh, NTB, NTT, West Sulawesi and Southeast Sulawesi. The research design is a cross-sectional study using secondary data from SSGI 2021 results. The subjects were 4,554. children (0-23 months) under five. The 2021 SSGI research was conducted in 34 Provinces and 514 Regencies/Cities in January-December 2021. Data from this study was collected by interviews using the SSGI 2021 questionnaire and anthropometric measurements. Data processing uses statistical applications. Data analysis used multiple logistic regression tests with criteria of p<0,05 and a confidence interval (CI) of 95%. The risk factors associated with stunting in children from the five provinces are underweight (OR=9,367), age 6-11 months (OR=1,386), age 12-23 months (OR=1,386), diagnosis of measles (2,5681 CI), male (OR=1,400), family size ≥ 8 people (OR=1,612), poor sanitation (OR=1,273 CI 95% 1,041-1,556), and father's occupation as farmer/labourer/fisherman/driver (OR=1,278). in conclusion, underweight is the dominant factor associated with stunting in toddlers.

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Keywords : dominant factors, sanitation, stunting, underweight

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Open Access Copyright (c) 2024 Ramadhani Fitri, Ali Khomsan, Cesilia Meti Dwiriani
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AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal
Published by: Department of Nutrition at the Health Polytechnic of Aceh, Ministry of Health.
Soekarno-Hatta Street, No. 168. Health Polytechnic of Aceh, Aceh Besar, 23352. Telp/Fax: 0651 46126 / 0651 46121.
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