Efficacy of Edamame vs. Almond Consumption on Total Cholesterol in Reproductive-Age Women

Afina Rachma Sulistyaning* -  Jurusan Ilmu Gizi, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Indonesia
Hesti Permata Sari -  Jurusan Ilmu Gizi, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Indonesia
Farida Farida -  Jurusan Peternakan, Universitas Tidar, Indonesia
Ellin Evitha Sari -  Jurusan Ilmu Gizi, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Indonesia
Nona Ariesya Rahma -  Jurusan Ilmu Gizi, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Indonesia

Supp. File(s): common.other common.other common.other common.other
Hypercholesterolemia in adults over 18 years poses a significant health risk. Reproductive-age women are susceptible to this condition due to unhealthy dietary habits, notably the consumption of fast food. This study objective was to investigates the potential of edamame and almonds to lower blood cholesterol levels. This study were a true experimental employing a pre-test post-test group design following a 6-week of intervention. 28 participants were recruited through consecutive sampling, conducted in Purwokerto from March to August 2022. Statistical analysis involved independent t-tests and paired t-tests. The independent t-test analysis revealed (p= 0,534), indicating no significant difference in the effectiveness of edamame and almonds in reducing total cholesterol levels among reproductive-age women. Following consumption of 48,8 g/d edamame for 6 weeks, a significant decrease in total cholesterol levels was observed (p= 0,004), with a mean reduction 17,79 ± 19,11 mg/dL. Conversely, the intervention with 42,5 g/d of almonds for 6 weeks did not result in a significant change in total cholesterol levels (p= 0,193), yielding a mean reduction of 11,57 ± 31,51 mg/dL. It can be concluded that consumption of edamame for 6 weeks demonstrates effectiveness in lowering total cholesterol levels among women of reproductive age. It is advisable for future research to study about cardioprotective effect of consuming edamame.

Supplement Files

Keywords : Hypercholesterolemia, Edamame, Almond, Cholesterol-lowering Foods

  1. Aboudou, K., Vodouhe-egueh, S., Aissi, M. V., & Soumanou, M. M. (2020). Optimization of roasting conditions for preservation of nutritional quality of terminalia catappa almonds by response surface methodology. Journal of Food Studies, 9(1), 1–61.
  2. Aliyah, S., & Setiawati, S. I. (2018). Perbandingan formula enteral rendah lemak berbasis tepung edamame dengan formula komersial rendah lemak [Comparison of Edamame Flour Based Low Fat Enteral Formula with Commercial Low Fat Formula]. Media Gizi Indonesia, 13(1), 1–11.
  3. Berryman, C. E., West, S. G., Fleming, J. A., Bordi, P. L., & Kris‐Etherton, P. M. (2015). Effects of daily almond consumption on cardiometabolic risk and abdominal adiposity in healthy adults with elevated LDL‐cholesterol: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Heart Association, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.114.000993
  4. Firdaus, N., & Adhitama, L. V. (2020). Pengaruh pemberian kombinasi belimbing manis dan alpukat terhadap kolesterol pada wus di puskesmas mojo kabupaten kediri. [The effect of sweet startfruit and avocado combination towards cholesterol level on reproductive age women in Puskesmas Mojo, Kabupaten Kediri]. Java Health Jounal, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.1210/jhj.v7i1.365
  5. Fitranti, D. Y., & Marthandaru, D. (2016). Pengaruh susu kedelai dan jahe terhadap kadar kolesterol total pada wanita hiperkolesterolemia. [The effect of soymilk and ginger on total cholesterol level in hypercholesterolemia women.] Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition), 4(2), 89–95. https://doi.org/10.14710/jgi.4.2.89-95
  6. Francavilla, M., Colaianna, M., Zotti, M., G Morgese, M., Trotta, P., Tucci, P., Schiavone, S., Cuomo, V., & Trabace, L. (2012). Extraction, characterization and in vivo neuromodulatory activity of phytosterols from microalga Dunaliella tertiolecta. Current Medicinal Chemistry, 19(18), 3058–3067. https://doi.org/10.2174/092986712800672021
  7. Jati, B. N., Yunilawati, R., Nuraeni, C., Oktarina, E., Aviandharie, S. A., & Rahmi, D. (2019). Ekstraksi dan identifikasi fitosterol pada mikroalga nannochloropsis occulata. [Extraction and identification of phytosterol in microalgae nannochloropsis occulata]. Jurnal Kimia Dan Kemasan, 41(1), 31–36. http://dx.doi.org/10.24817/jkk.v41i1.4969
  8. Jenkins, D. J. A., Mirrahimi, A., Srichaikul, K., Berryman, C. E., Wang, L., Carleton, A., Abdulnour, S., Sievenpiper, J. L., Kendall, C. W. C., & Kris-Etherton, P. M. (2010). Soy protein reduces serum cholesterol by both intrinsic and food displacement mechanisms. The Journal of Nutrition, 140(12), 2302S-2311S.
  9. Jufri, N. N., Wirjatmadi, B., & Adriani, M. (2015). Combined food (Bekatul dan Lemak) menurunkan kadar kolesterol total, trigliserida, dan LDL pada tikus galur wistar. [Combined food of rice bran and fat lowering total cholesterol level, triglycerides, and LDL in wistar rats]. Jurnal Kedokteran Brawijaya, 28(3), 208–212. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jkb.2015.028.03.8
  10. Kalita, S., Khandelwal, S., Madan, J., Pandya, H., Sesikeran, B., & Krishnaswamy, K. (2018). Almonds and cardiovascular health: A review. Nutrients, 10(4), 468. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10040468
  11. Kemenkes, R. I. (2017). Profil Penyakit Tidak Menular Tahun 2016. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.
  12. Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2018). Laporan hasil riset kesehatan dasar (Riskesdas) Indonesia tahun 2018. [Reports on basic health research]. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kemenkes RI, 5–10.
  13. Konaté, K., Souza, A., Meda, T. R., Coulibaly, A. Y., Kiendrebéogo, M., Lamien-Meda, A., Lamidi, M., Millogo-Rasolodimby, J., & Nacoulma, O. G. (2010). Polyphenol contents, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of six Malvaceae species traditionally used to treat hepatitis B in Burkina Faso. Eur J Sci Res, 44(4), 570–580.
  14. Lubis, S. A., & Anjani, G. (2016). Aktivitas antioksidan, total bakteri asam laktat, sifat fisik dan tingkat penerimaan yoghurt almond (prunus dulcis) sebagai produk probiotik alternatif bagi penderita autis. [Antioxidant activity, total lactic acid bacteria, physical characteristic, and almond (prunus dulcis) yogurt acceptance degree as an alternative probiotic product for autism]. Journal of Nutrition College, 5(4), 334.
  15. Maryati, H. (2017). Hubungan kadar kolesterol dengan tekanan darah penderita hipertensi di Dusun Sidomulyo Desa Rejoagung Kecamatan Ploso Kabupaten Jombang. [The correlation of cholesterol levels with blood pressure hypertension patients in sidomulyo rejoagung village distric]. Jurnal Keperawatan, 8(2), 127–137. https://doi.org/10.22219/jk.v8i2%20Juli.4030
  16. Munabari, F., & Ikawati, K. (2018). Pengaruh pemberian sari kacang hijau terhadap kadar kolesterol. [The effect of green beans extract towards cholesterol level]. Prosiding HEFA (Health Events for All), 2(2).
  17. Nareswara, A. R., & Anjani, G. (2016). Studi tentang susu almond dan kentang sebagai alternatif minuman fungsional untuk anak autis. [A study of almond milk and potato as an alternative functional beverage for children with autism]. Journal of Nutrition College (Vol. 5, Issue 4). http://ejournal-s1.undip.ac.id/index.php/jnc
  18. Ningsih, T. E., Siswanto, S., & Winarsa, R. (2018). Aktivitas antioksidan kedelai edamame hasil fermentasi kultur campuran oleh rhizopus oligosporus dan bacillus subtilis. [Antioxidant activity of edamame soybeans from mixed cultured fermentation by Rhizopus oligosporus and bacillus subtilis]. Berkala Sainstek, 6(1), 17–21. https://doi.org/10.19184/bst.v6i1.7556
  19. Nurkistin D, T. D. W. B. (2022). Hypolipidemic effects of modified edamame tempeh flour on lipid profile levels in dyslipidemia rats. Amerta Nutrition, 6(4), 422–431. https://doi.org/10.20473/amnt.v6i4.2022.422-431
  20. Prasetyo, D. A. (2017). Efisiensi penggunaan faktor-faktor produksi dan upaya peningkatan pendapatan usahatani edamame (kasus di Pt Mitratani Dua Tujuh Kabupaten Jember). “The efficiency of production factors usage and the effort to improve edamame farming income (case study in PT Mitratani Dua Tujuh Kabupaten Jember]. Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Brawijaya.
  21. Riyanto, S., & Muwarni, H. (2016). Yoghurt kedelai hitam (black soyghurt) dapat menurunkan kadar LDL tikus hiperkolesterolemia. [Black Soyghurt lowering LDL level of hypercholesterolemia rats]. Jurnal Gizi Dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics), 3(1), 1–9. http://dx.doi.org/10.21927/ijnd.2015.3(1).1-9
  22. Safitri, D. R. (2018). Pengaruh konsumsi kacang almond (prunus dulcis) terhadap perubahan intensitas nyeri dismenore primer pada remaja di sma brawijaya smart school malang. [The effect of almond consumption (prunus dulcis) towards changes of pain intensity primary dysmenorrhea in teenagers at Brawijaya Smart Highschool Malang]. Universitas Brawijaya.
  23. Saputri, D. A., & Novitasari, A. (2021). Hubungan usia dengan kadar kolesterol masyarakat di kota bandar lampung. [The correlation of age and cholesterol level of people in Bandar Lampung City]. BIOEDUKASI (Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi), 12(2), 238–243. http://dx.doi.org/10.24127/bioedukasi.v12i2.4453
  24. Sudiarti, D. (2018). Pengaruh pemberian cendawan mikoriza arbuskula (cma) terhadap pertumbuhan kedelai edamame (Glycin Max). [The effect of cendawan mikoriza arbuskula (cma) intervention towards groeth of edamame soybeans (Glycin max]. Jurnal SainHealth, 2(2), 5–11. http://dx.doi.org/10.51804/jsh.v2i2.256.5-11
  25. Sulistyaningsih, I. W., & Mulyati, T. (2015). Pengaruh pemberian ekstrak kacang hijau terhadap kadar kolestrol total pada wanita hiperkolesterolemia. [The effect of green soybeans extract towards total cholesterol level in hypercholesterolemia women]. Journal of Nutrition College, 4(2), 154–161.
  26. Wahyuningsih, W., & Wirawanni, Y. (2014). Perbedaan pengaruh kacang tanah (Arachis hypogaea) rebus dan panggang terhadap kadar kolesterol total pada wanita hiperkolesterolemia. [The differences of boiled and roasted peanut (Arachis hypogea) effect towards total cholesterol level in hypercholesterolemia women]. Journal of Nutrition College, 3(1), 206–212.
  27. World Health Organization. (2020). The Global Health Observatory - Non Commuicable Diseases Mortality. https://www.who.int/data/gho/data/themes/topics/indicator-groups/indicator-group-details/GHO/total-ncd-mortality
  28. World Health Organization. (2021). Raised Cholesterol. https://www.who.int/data/gho/indicator-metadata-registry/imr-details/3236

Open Access Copyright (c) 2024 Afina Rachma Sulistyaning, Hesti Permata Sari, Farida Farida, Ellin Evitha Sari, Nona Ariesya Rahma
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal
Published by: Department of Nutrition at the Health Polytechnic of Aceh, Ministry of Health.
Soekarno-Hatta Street, No. 168. Health Polytechnic of Aceh, Aceh Besar, 23352. Telp/Fax: 0651 46126 / 0651 46121.
Website: https://gizipoltekkesaceh.ac.id/
E-mail: jurnal6121@gmail.com

e-issn: 2548-5741, p-issn: 2527-3310

All content is licensed under a: Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 4.0 International License

View My Stats

Get a feed by atom here, RRS2 here and OAI Links here