Nutrition education and changes in mother's behavior towards fulfillment of vegetable and fruit consumption strategies in preschool children

Rapitos Sidiq* -  Applied Bachelor Study Program Health Promotion, Health Polytecnic Padang, Indonesia
Rina Hasniyati -  Department of Nutrition, Health Polytechnic Padang, Indonesia
Marni Handayani -  Department of Nutrition, Health Polytechnic Padang, Indonesia
The nutritional needs of preschool children are very important for their growth and development. However, the problem is the low consumption of preschool children for fruits and vegetables, so it requires special strategies, for that the role of the family is very important. This study aims to determine the impact of nutrition education and changes in mother's behavior towards the fulfillment of vegetable and fruit consumption strategies in pre-school children. This research uses quasi-experimental and observational methods, observations were carried out on 30 September 2019 on 44 preschool children. Data collection was carried out on September 20, 2019, in Early Childhood Education SB in 50 mothers of preschool children. The data is processed in stages; editing, coding, transferring and tabulating. Univariate data analysis in the form of frequency distribution tables, paired t-test statistical test. The results showed an average value of knowledge before the intervention (p= 0,000). Observation results show that after nutrition education was given, only 31,8% of preschool children were given vegetable and fruit supplies or processed food vegetables and fruits by the mother when going to school. The conclusion of the study is nutrition education on maternal strategies in increasing consumption of vegetables and fruit in preschool children in early childhood education effectively changing maternal knowledge but has not had a comprehensive impact on changes in mother’s behavior

Keywords : Preschoolers; behavior; consumption; vegetables and fruits

  1. Anzman-frasca, S., Savage, J. S., Marini, M. E., Fisher, J. O., & Birch, L. L. (2012). Repeated exposure and associative conditioning promote preschool children ’ s liking of vegetables q. Appetite, 58(2), 543–553.
  2. Choi, E. B., Lee, J. E., & Hwang, J. (2018). Fruit and vegetable intakes in relation to behavioral outcomes associated with a nutrition education intervention in preschoolers. Nutrition Research and Practice, 12(6), 521–526.
  3. Cooke, L. J., Wardle, J., Gibson, E. L., Sapochnik, M., Sheiham, A., & Lawson, M. (2004). Demographic , familial and trait predictors of fruit and vegetable consumption by pre-school children. Public Health Nutrition, 7(2), 295–302.
  4. Dave, J. M. (2007). Assessing the home, parental, intrapersonal, and demographic factors influencing fruit and vegetables intake among Hispanic children in elementary schools. In University of South Carolina. UMI by Proquest Information and Learning Company.
  5. De Bourdeaudhuij, I., te Velde, S., Brug, J., Due, P., Wind, M., Sandvik, C., Maes, L., Wolf, A., Rodrigo, C. P., Yngve, A., Thorsdottir, I., Rasmussen, M., Elmadfa, I., Franchini, B., & Klepp, K.-I. (2008). Personal, social and environmental predictors of daily fruit and vegetable intake in 11-year-old children in nine European countries. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 62(7), 834–841.
  6. Dev, D. A., Byrd-williams, C., Ramsay, S., Mcbride, B., Srivastava, D., Murriel, A., Arcan, C., & Adachi-mejia, A. M. (2017). Engaging Parents to Promote Children ’ s Nutrition and Health : Providers ’ Barriers and Strategies in Head Start and Child Care Centers. American Journal of Health Promotion, 31(2), 153–162.
  7. Efendy, & Uchjana, O. (2003). Ilmu, teori dan filsafat komunikas. Citra Aditya Bakti.
  8. Eş, H. (2017). Concepts of vegetable and fruit in preschool and elementary education. Journal of Baltic Science Education, 13(5), 709–725.
  9. Friedman, M. M., Bowden, V. R., & Jones, E. G. (2003). Family nursing: research, theory, & practice. New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.
  10. Gripshover, S. J., & Markman, E. M. (2013). Teaching Young Children a Theory of Nutrition : Conceptual Change and the Potential for Increased Vegetable Consumption. Psychological Science, 24(8), 1541–1553.
  11. Kemenkes RI. (2013). Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 75 Tahun 2013: Tentang Angka Kecukupan Gizi Yang Dianjurkan Bagi Bangsa Indonesia (Patent No. 75). In Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia (No. 75). No. 75 ttg Angka Kecukupan Gizi Bangsa Indonesia.pdf
  12. Kementerian Kesehatan. (2014). Pedoman Gizi Seimbang. Kementerian Kesehatan RI.
  13. Kerr, J. A., Jansen, P. W., Mensah, F. K., Gibbons, K., Olds, T. S., Carlin, J. B., Clifford, S. A., Burgner, D., Gold, L., Baur, L. A., Wake, M., & Kerr, J. A. (2019). Child and adult snack food intake in response to manipulated pre- packaged snack item quantity / variety and snack box size : a population-based randomized trial. International Journal of Obesity, 43(10), 1891–1902.
  14. Krølner, R., Rasmussen, M., Brug, J., Klepp, K., Wind, M., & Due, P. (2011). Determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption among children and adolescents : a review of the literature . Part II : qualitative studies. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8(1), 1–38.
  15. Lee, A. R., Yu, Y. L., Kim, H. J., Kim, K. A., & Kim, K. W. (2016). Status of Dietary Life Related Knowledge, Self-Efficacy, Food Preference and Dietary Behavior of Preschoolers in Kyunggi Area. Korean J Ournal Community Nutrition, 21(3), 274–283.
  16. Łuszczki, E., Sobek, G., Bartosiewicz, A., Baran, J., & Weres, A. (2019). Analysis of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption by Children in School Canteens Depending on Selected Sociodemographic Factors. Medicina, 55(7), 397.
  17. Nepper, M. J., & Chai, W. (2017). Parental Views of Promoting Fruit and Vegetable Intake Among Overweight Preschoolers and School-Aged Children. Global Qualitative Nursing Research, 1(7), 1–11.
  18. Notoadmodjo, S. (2011). Promosi Kesehatan dan Ilmu Perilaku. Rineka Cipta.
  19. Ojansivu, P., Laaksonen, O., & Sandell, M. (2015). Impact of sensory-based food education in kindergarten on willingness to eat vegetables and berries. Food & Nutrition Research, 59(1), 28795.
  20. Poelman, A. A. M., Delahunty, C. M., & Broch, M. (2019). Multiple vs Single Target Vegetable Exposure to Increase Young Children ’ s Vegetable Intake. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 51(8), 985–992.
  21. Pollard, J., Kirk, S. F. L., & Cade, J. E. (2018). Factors affecting food choice in relation to fruit and vegetable intake : a review. Nutrition Epidemiology, 15(2), 373–387.
  22. Pratitasari, D. (2010). Makan sayur seasyik bermain. B-First Polit,.
  23. Rahmad, A. H. (2019). Keterkaitan Asupan Makanan dan Sedentari dengan Kejadian Obesitas Pada Anak Sekolah Da sar di Kota Banda Aceh. Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan, 47(1), 67–76.
  24. Ransley, J. K., Taylor, E. F., Radwan, Y., Sarah, M., Greenwood, D. C., & Cade, J. E. (2010). Does nutrition education in primary schools make a difference to children ’ s fruit and vegetable consumption ? Does nutrition education in primary schools make a difference to children ’ s fruit and vegetable consumption ? Public Health Nutrition, 13(11), 1898–1904.
  25. Roe, L. S., Meengs, J. S., Birch, L. L., & Rolls, B. J. (2013). Serving a variety of vegetables and fruit as a snack increased intake. American Society for Nutrition, 98(3), 693–699.
  26. Sekarindah, T. (2008). Terapi jus buah dan sayur. Puspa Swara.
  27. Soldateli, B., Vigo, A., Regina, E., & Giugliani, J. (2016). Effect of Pattern and Duration of Breastfeeding on the Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables among Preschool Children. PloS One, 11(2), e0148357.
  28. Tabak, R. G., Tate, D. F., Stevens, J., Siega-riz, A. M., & Ward, D. S. (2012). Family Ties to Health Program : A Randomized Intervention to Improve Vegetable Intake in Children. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 44(2), 166–171.
  29. Valmórbida, J. L., & Vitolo, M. R. (2014). Factors associated with low consumption of fruits and vegetables by preschoolers of low socio-economic. Jornal de Pediatria, 90(5), 464–471.
  30. Wolfenden, L., Wyse, R. J., Britton, B. I., Campbell, K. J., Hodder, R. K., Stacey, F. G., McElduff, P., & James, E. L. (2010). Interventions for increasing fruit and vegetable consumption in preschool aged children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 6.
  31. Wyse R, Campbell, E., Nathan, N., & Wolfenden, L. (2011). Associations between characteristics of home food environment and fruit and vegetable intake in preschool children. BMC Public Health, 11(1), 938.

Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 Rapitos Sidiq, Rina Hasniyati, Marni Handayani
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal
Published by: Department of Nutrition at the Health Polytechnic of Aceh, Ministry of Health.
Soekarno-Hatta Street, No. 168. Health Polytechnic of Aceh, Aceh Besar, 23352. Telp/Fax: 0651 46126 / 0651 46121.

e-issn: 2548-5741, p-issn: 2527-3310

All content is licensed under a: Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 4.0 International License

View My Stats

Get a feed by atom here, RRS2 here and OAI Links here