Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi ketahanan pangan rumah tangga di Kota Medan

Nathasa Weisdania Sihite* -  Jurusan Gizi Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Palembang, Palembang, Indonesia
Ikeu Tanziha -  Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor, Indonesia

Supp. File(s): Research Results common.other
Sufficient food availability in an area does not guarantee household food security. Household food security is a condition for the fulfillment of food for every household both in terms of quantity and quality. The purpose of this research was to determine the factors related to household food security in Medan City.  The research design used was a cross-sectional design. The location was in Medan Kota and Medan Denai District that chosen purposively with criteria for poverty level is 15-20 percent. The household sample was taken randomly as 120 households with the criteria prosperity (Pra KS and KS 1,2,3). The result of the research shows that 67,5% of households were household food insecurity, and 32,5% of households were household food security. Household expenditure has a relationship with household food security (p= 0,000), while the age of the household head, number of family members, and education level did not show any relationship (p> 0,05). In conclusion, that household expenditure has a direct effect on the status of household food security in Medan City. There needs to be a strategy and active participation from the local government in overcoming the problem of household food security in Medan City.

Supplement Files

Keywords : Food insecurity; food security; household

  1. Agbola, P. O. (2014). Factors influencing food insecurity among small farmers in Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 9(27), 2104–2110. https://doi.org/10.5897/ajar09.710
  2. Amine, B. M. (2016). Determinants of on-Farm Diversification Among Rural Households: Empirical Evidence From Northern Algeria. International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics, 4(2), 87–99. https://doi.org/10.22004/ag.econ.234912
  3. Arlius, A. (2017). Hubungan Ketahanan Pangan Keluarga Dengan Status Gizi Balita (Studi Di Desa Palasari Dan Puskesmas Kecamatan Legok). Jurnal Ketahanan Nasional, 23(3), 359–375.
  4. Astuti, F. D., & Sulistyowati, T. F. (2010). Pendapatan Keluarga Dengan Status Gizi Anak. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 7(1), 15–20.
  5. Biro Pusat Statistik. (2018). Keadaan Ketenagakerjaan Indonesia. In Berita Resmi Statistik.
  6. BNP2TKI. (2019). Laporan kinerja badan ketahanan pangan tahun 2018. In Badan Ketahan Pangan. https://doi.org/10.3406/arch.1977.1322
  7. BPS. (2019). Provinsi Sumatera Selatan Dalam Angka 2019. In Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Sumatera Selatan.
  8. Conceição, P., Levine, S., Lipton, M., & Warren-Rodríguez, A. (2016). Toward a food secure future: Ensuring food security for sustainable human development in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal Food Policy, 60, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2016.02.003
  9. Damayanti, V. L., & Khoirudin, R. (2016). Analisis Faktor - Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Ketahanan Pangan Rumah Tangga Petani (Studi Kasus : Desa Timbulharjo, Sewon, Bantul). Jurnal Ekonomi & Studi Pembangunan, 17(2), 89–96. https://doi.org/10.18196/jesp.17.2.3735
  10. Emy, R. (2012). Aspek Distribusi Pada Ketahanan Pangan Masyarakat Di Kabupaten Tapin. Jurnal Agribisnis, 2(3), 241–251.
  11. FAO. (2012). The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2011 Key messages. In Organization. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b8666e
  12. Firdaus, M., Apriliani, T., & Wijaya, R. A. (2015). Pengeluaran rumah tangga nelayan dan kaitannya dengan kemiskinan: Kasus di Desa Ketapang Barat, Kabupaten Sampang, Jawa Timur. Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan Dan Perikanan, 8(1), 49. https://doi.org/10.15578/jsekp.v8i1.1195
  13. Hapsari, N. I., & Rudiarto, I. (2017). Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kerawanan dan Ketahanan Pangan dan Implikasi Kebijakannya di Kabupaten Rembang. Jurnal Wilayah Dan Lingkungan, 5(2), 125. https://doi.org/10.14710/jwl.5.2.125-140
  14. Hardinsyah, Riyadi, H., & Napitupulu, V. (2012a). Kecukupan energi, protein, lemak dan karbohidrat. Departemen Gizi FK UI.
  15. Hardinsyah, Riyadi, H., & Napitupulu, V. (2012b). Kecukupan energi, protein, lemak dan karbohidrat. In Departemen Gizi FK UI (pp. 1–26). Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Indonesia.
  16. Jayarni, D. E., & Sumarmi, S. (2018). Hubungan Ketahanan Pangan dan Karakteristik Keluarga dengan Status Gizi Balita Usia 2 – 5 Tahun ( Studi di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Wonokusumo Kota Surabaya ) Relationship between Food Security , Family Characteristics with Nutritional Status of Children a. Amerta Nutrition, 2(1), 44–51. https://doi.org/10.20473/amnt.v2.i1.2018.44-51
  17. Kamoo, G., Malaya, U., Norani, M., & Salleh, M. (2017). Pengaruh struktur keluarga dan stail keibubapaan terhadap pencapaian akademik murid India di sekolah menengah rendah. JuKu: Jurnal Kurikulum & Pengajaran Asia Pasifik -Januari, 2(1), 44–53.
  18. Kemenkes RI. (2013). Angka Kecukupan Gizi (AKG) 2013. In Balitbangkes RI. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kemenkes RI. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03077564
  19. Keynes, J. M. (2017). The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money. In Modern Economic Classics-Evaluations Through Time. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315270548-13
  20. Mekonnen, D. A., & Gerber, N. (2017). Aspirations and food security in rural Ethiopia. Journal Food Security, 9(2), 371–385. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-017-0654-6
  21. Musindar, I., & Arhim, M. (2018). Ketahahan pangan rumah tangga pembuat tortila di Kota Palopo. Jurnal Perbal, 6(2), 43–52.
  22. Prasmatiwi, F. E., Listiana, I., & Rosanti, N. (2012). Pengaruh Intensifikasi Pertanian Terhadap Ketahanan Pangan Rumah Tangga Petani Padi di Lampung Tengah. Prosiding SNSMAIP III, 162–167.
  23. Pujoharso, C. (2013). Aplikasi teori konsumsi keynes terhadap pola konsumsi makanan masyarakat Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa FEB, 1(2), 10–16.
  24. Sumardilah, D. S., & Rahmadi, A. (2015). Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan ketahanan pangan rumah tangga. Jurnal Keperawatan, 11(2), 270–278.
  25. Susanti, E., Fauzi, T., & Taufiqurrahman. (2015). Analisis Ketahanan Pangan Rumah Tangga Petani di Desa Ulee Lhat Kecamatan Montasik Kabupaten Aceh Besar. Bisnis Tani, 1(1), 11–23.
  26. Tanziha, I. (2011). Model Pemberdayaan Petani Menuju Ketahanan Pangan Keluarga. Jurnal Gizi Dan Pangan, 6(1), 90–99. https://doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.1.90-99

Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 The Author(s)
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal
Diterbitkan oleh : Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes RI Aceh
Jl. Soekarno-Hatta Kampus Terpadu Poltekkes Kemenkes Aceh, Aceh Besar, 23352
Telp/Fax : 0651 46126 / 0651 46121
Website: https://gizipoltekkesaceh.ac.id
E-mail : jurnal6121@gmail.com

e-issn: 2548-5741, p-issn: 2527-3310

Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional

Get a feed by atom here, RRS2 here and OAI Links here