Model pemeriksaan kesehatan berdasarkan komposisi tubuh terhadap peningkatan aktifitas fisik dan kualitas hidup lanjut usia

Author(s): Ichsan Ichsan, Alfridsyah Alfridsyah
DOI: 10.30867/gikes.v3i2.923


Background: Quality of Life is an assessment of the quality of life based on four domains, namely physical health, psychological conditions, social relationships, and the environment. The Healthy Living Community Movement (called GERMAS) focuses on physical activity, and regular health checks to improve quality of life, increase productivity, and lower health care costs.

Objective: This study aims to see how effective the body composition health examination model is at increasing physical activity and quality of life in the elderly.

Method: This quantitative research design is a quasi-experimental study conducted in Ulee Kareng District, Banda Aceh, in 2018. The sample, namely the elderly, was taken non-randomly, as many as 54 people. Data was collected by means of interviews and anthropometric measurements. The data is processed through the stages of editing, coding, tabulating, and cleaning. The analysis used a statistical with dependent t-test at 95% CI.

Results: There is a difference in domain I (first), namely the physical health of the elderly, between the results of the pre-test (63.6 ± 15.248) and the results of the post-test (65.7 ± 14.872) with a p-value = 0.021 (p < 0.05). On the other hand, in domains II, III, and IV, there was no difference in the physical health of the elderly before and after the measurement (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: Health examination through measuring body fitness affects the physical health of the elderly in domain I (first) but does not affect domains II, III, and IV.


Body composition; Elderly; Quality of Life; Physical Activity; Aktivitas Fisik; Komposisi Tubuh; Kualitas Hidup; Lansia

Full Text:



Ariyanto, A., Cinta, N. P., & Utami, D. N. (2020). Aktivitas Fisik Terhadap Kualitas Hidup Pada Lansia. Jurnal Kesehatan Al-Irsyad, 13(2), 145–151.

Cahyani, D. I., Kartasurya, M. I., & Rahfiludin, M. Z. (2020). Gerakan masyarakat hidup sehat dalam perspektif implementasi kebijakan (studi kualitatif). Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia, 15(1), 10–18.

CDC. (2001). Measuring healthy days: Population assessment of health-related quality of life. In Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. United States Department of Health and Human Services.

Chiquita, D. D. (2017). Aktivitas Fisik, Status Kesehatan, Dukungan Sosial, dan Kualitas Hidup Lansia Laki-laki dan Perempuan. [IPB (Bogor Agricultural University)]. In IPB (Bogor Agricultural University).

Dewi, S. K., Kusnanto, H., Pramantara, I. D. P., & Rahayujati, T. B. (2017). Status partisipasi dan kualitas hidup peserta pos pelayanan terpadu lanjut usia. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 11(1), 28–40.

Diarthini, N., Sudarmaja, I. M., Swastika, I. K., & Ariwati, N. L. (2020). Peningkatan Kualitas Hidup Lansia Melalui Pelayanan Kesehatan dan Edukasi Kesehatan secara Personal pada Lansia di Desa Melinggih Payangan Gianyar Bali. Buletin Udayana Mengabdi, 19(4).

Ekasari, M. F., Riasmini, N. M., & Hartini, T. (2019). Meningkatkan kualitas hidup lansia konsep dan berbagai intervensi. In Wineka Media. Wineka Media.

Endarti, A. T. (2015). Kualitas hidup kesehatan: Konsep, model dan penggunaan. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan, 7(2), 97–108.

Eryando, T., Ariha, D., Fitria, Y., & Anggraini, S. (2020). Analisis kualitas hidup lansia di Karawang. Prosiding Forum Ilmiah Tahunan (FIT) IAKMI, 315–325.

Esain, I., Gil, S. M., Duñabeitia, I., Rodriguez-Larrad, A., & Bidaurrazaga-Letona, I. (2021). Effects of COVID-19 lockdown on physical activity and health-related quality of life in older adults who regularly exercise. Sustainability, 13(7), 3771.

Gumay, A. R., Purwoko, Y., Hardian, H., Bakri, S., Utomo, A. W., Indraswari, D. A., Muniroh, M., Bakhtiar, Y., Basyar, E., & Puruhito, B. (2018). Pemeriksaan Kesehatan Lansia dan Upaya Pemberdayaan Kader Posyandu Lansia mengenai Pencegahan Demensia Dini dan Peningkatan Kualitas Hidup Lansia di Desa Gulon, Magelang, Jawa Tengah. SNKPPM, 1(1), 150–152.

Harahap, M. (2019). Upaya Humas Dalam Mensosialisasikan Gerakan Masyarakat Hidup Sehat. In Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara. Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara.

Maestro-Gonzalez, A., Bilbao-Leon, M. C., Zuazua-Rico, D., Fernandez-Carreira, J. M., Baldonedo-Cernuda, R. F., & Mosteiro-Diaz, M. P. (2018). Quality of life as assessed by adults with cerebral palsy. PLoS One, 13(2), e0191960.

Manungkalit, M., Sari, N. P. W. P., & Prabasari, N. A. (2021). Fungsi Kognitif dengan Kualitas Hidup Pada Lansia. Adi Husada Nursing Journal, 7(1), 34–40.

Martyr, A., Nelis, S. M., Quinn, C., Wu, Y.-T., Lamont, R. A., Henderson, C., Clarke, R., Hindle, J. V, Thom, J. M., & Jones, I. R. (2018). Living well with dementia: a systematic review and correlational meta-analysis of factors associated with quality of life, well-being and life satisfaction in people with dementia. Psychological Medicine, 48(13), 2130–2139.

Melo, R. L. P. de, Silva Júnior, E. G. da, Souto, R. Q., Leão, Í. S., & Eulálio, M. do C. (2018). Psychometric properties of the complete version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment (WHOQOL-OLD): reduced response scale. Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 31.

Menec, V. H., Newall, N. E., Mackenzie, C. S., Shooshtari, S., & Nowicki, S. (2020). Examining social isolation and loneliness in combination in relation to social support and psychological distress using Canadian Longitudinal Study of Aging (CLSA) data. PloS One, 15(3), e0230673.

Payot, A., & Barrington, K. J. (2011). The quality of life of young children and infants with chronic medical problems: review of the literature. Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care, 41(4), 91–101.

Şahin, D. S., Özer, Ö., & Yanardağ, M. Z. (2019). Perceived social support, quality of life and satisfaction with life in elderly people. Educational Gerontology, 45(1), 69–77.

Sari, D. M. P., Lestari, C. Y. D., Putra, E. C., & Nashori, F. (2018). Kualitas hidup lansia ditinjau dari sabar dan dukungan sosial. Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi Terapan, 6(2), 131–141.


  • There are currently no refbacks.